Domestic waste classification pilot work

With the economic and social development and the substantial increase in the level of material consumption, the amount of domestic waste generated in China has grown rapidly, and environmental risks have become increasingly prominent. This has become a constraint factor in the development of new urbanization.

In the face of severe situations, Beijing, Shanghai and other eight cities launched the first batch of pilot projects for the classification of domestic waste in the country. However, due to a variety of reasons, the results were not obvious. The most important reason is that there is still an obstruction to the uncompleted waste sorting machine . Specifically, the front-end garbage classification enthusiasm has not been mobilized. The mid-end waste transfer is often mixed and transported, and the end-of-the-waste treatment facilities and other supporting systems cannot match the demand and reuse of waste. Not enough, no industry chain has been formed. Therefore, only the context of garbage classification can be ensured, and garbage classification, transshipment, and waste disposal can be seamlessly connected to form a benign recycling industry chain for garbage sorting, transshipment, and recycling. This is a good thing for garbage classification.

Increase waste classification and propaganda, and comprehensively promote front-end garbage classification. The government departments must take active measures to increase publicity efforts and strive to create a social atmosphere for the classification of waste, so that the concepts of waste classification can be “into the heart.” At the same time, it can focus on the campus first, especially kindergartens, elementary schools, and middle schools, through the centralized development of garbage classification education demonstration bases and “small hands and large hands”, special lectures and a series of activities, the concept of green environmental protection into the division Students’ hearts are encouraged to promote parents through teachers and students to promote the awareness and concept of garbage classification into families and communities, and guide the participation of all citizens in the waste classification work.

Innovative ways to classify transshipment, no dead ends to open up the end of the garbage collection and transportation work. Garbage classification is a system project that interlocks with each other. If the residents carefully sort out the garbage, they will be picked up and transported by the garbage collection truck. The resident’s enthusiasm for classifying and disposing of garbage will be greatly impaired. It is necessary to actively innovate in ways to sort and transfer garbage. In the process of trans-shipment, an environmentally-friendly and efficient mode of waste transfer should be established, and partitioning and refitting of the garbage collecting and transporting vehicles can be carried out to prevent the phenomenon of “packing together” of classified wastes.

The comprehensive utilization of benefits and the key to recovery from the use of waste at the end. Garbage disposal If the “export” is not smooth, garbage classification will not be implemented. Therefore, the relevant departments must focus on the goal of waste resource utilization, and strive to smooth the export of waste classification from the end, so that the waste can produce resource benefits. This requires fully improving the treatment equipment at the end of the rubbish and improving the technology for waste disposal, and giving full play to the value of fertilizer produced after waste disposal, the value of power generation, and the value of heating for heating, and realize the benefits of resources.

Garbage classification and collection and transportation processing is a revolution in waste management. It is an important part of implementing sustainable development, and it is a basic and long-lasting livelihood project. It is not a matter of one day, and it is even less likely to happen overnight. Only by setting up the correct values ​​of “doing it not have to be me” can we build a virtuous circle of new industrial chains for waste sorting, collection and transportation, and disposal and reuse. Only in this way can we achieve good results in the “requirements” of garbage classification.


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